By Lindsey Elling
When a couple deals with infertility, many people wrongly assume something is wrong with the woman. However, according to the American Society for Reproductive Medicine, in nearly 40 percent of couples experiencing fertility issues, male infertility is the main or contributing issue.
The types of male infertility comprise an alphabet soup of unpronounceable medical conditions and terms, including azoospermia, oligospermia and spermatogenesis. Typical male infertility issues, also known as subfertility, include anti-sperm antibodies caused by an infection in the prostate, inability to ejaculate, insufficient numbers of sperm and abnormal sperm that prevents fertilization.
As Dr. Ron Thompson states, the leading cause of male subfertility issue is spermatogenesis, which occurs when sperm develop abnormally because of elevated temperatures in the scrotum. Normally, the sperm takes 120 days to develop in the scrotum, reaching 96 degrees. The varicocele, or varicose veins in the scrotum, keep the temperature of the testicles at 98.5, the temperature of blood, and allows the sperm to fully mature, according to the National Institutes of Health. Inadequate sperm maturation increases abnormal sperm forms, leading to a decreased chance of conception.
The temperature of the sperm is extremely important, which is why the scrotum contracts during cold weather and relaxes during hot weather. "It has also lead to the old wives tales that a man trying to conceive should stay out of the hot tub or wear boxers rather than briefs," said Dr. Thompson. "These bits of advice are based on the science of allowing the sperm to develop at the appropriate temperature."
The varicose veins, or varicocele, help regulate the temperature of developing sperm
To combat these issues of male subfertility, reproductive specialists and scientists have developed in-vitro sperm capacitation. In-vitro sperm capacitation has proven successful in circumnavigating many of the issues of male subfertility, but the process is expensive and complicated. Another, more affordable and simpler option, ToConceive, mimics in-vivo sperm capacitation and provides the same positive results.
In-vivo sperm capacitation occurs when the sperm is properly capacitated in the women's cervix. Dr. Thompson explains that in-vivo sperm capacitation selects out immature and abnormal sperm that lack capacitation. The process also selects out sperm coated with anti-sperm antibodies or strips off those antibodies to allow for proper capacitation. ToConceive, new to the market in 2012 and developed using Nobel Peace-winning technology, uses in-vivo sperm capacitation, providing the woman with the natural conception lubrication that counteracts male subfertility issues.
As Dr. Thompson explains, in-vivo sperm capacitation works to allow only the fittest sperm to fertilize, but can only do so with normal vaginal lubrication. ToConceive provides that natural conception lubrication that can alleviate male subfertility and lead to conception. No matter whether is a male or female fertility issue, ToConceive provides hope to couples struggling to conceive.